Prostate Cancer Screening
Prostate cancer is one of the common causes for mortality from cancer in men. Therefore screening for prostate cancer at earlier stages is always beneficial so that effective treatment can be provided. Treatment for prostate cancer mainly depends on the type and stage of cancer and therefore appropriate screening is essential.
Screening of prostate cancer can be done by
Digital Rectal Exam: In this method, surgeon may inspect your prostate gland for any lumps by inserting the gloved finger through your rectum.
Prostate-Specific Antigen Test: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by prostate gland and the blood concentration of this protein is measured in this test. Elevated levels of PSA imply the possibility of prostate cancer. However other tests should also be performed in order to confirm the diagnosis because PSA concentration may be elevated in other conditions too.
Prostate Biopsy: Prostate biopsy may be more dependable screening method for prostate cancer. Tissue from prostate is excised and viewed under microscope for any abnormalities. Following the observation, cancer will be graded and higher the grade more severe is the cancer.